How To Use Chkdsk Command In Windows


Chkdsk is short for check disk. It is a very crucial command and utility tool that has been introduced in Windows XP more than 25 years ago now. Interestingly, it is still used in the latest Windows 10 OS. What is essentially does is, it automatically scans the hard diskdrive, external disk and USB devices for mistakes and fix them if desired. The plus point is it does not require any outside tools to resolve errors in your hardware devices. There are three ways that you can use chkdsk utility on almost any version of Windows OS. First is by running chkdsk in command prompt, scanning a particular disk for mistakes using check disk tool in properties and from an installation disk. Installation disk process is used whenever your PC will not begin and you have to perform boot up using a bootable USB drive or CD/DVD.

Today chkdsk is not an incredibly speedy tool and running it may consume a whole lot of time in some instances. However, it performs a very essential endeavor and some of its important functions include scanning and fixing NTFS/FAT push mistakes, marking bad sectors in your disc and also fixes corrupted SD card and pen drives. In this informative article, we’ll direct you throughout the process of using the chkdsk tool and explain how it works. Don’t worry you don’t need to understand its working in order to understand how to and when you have to conduct it. The process of running the Chkdsk tool is pretty much exactly the same over different Windows version. Though the interface might differ from other Windows variants, we will be showing you how it is run in Windows 10.

How To Use Chkdsk To Fix Hard Disk Errors

If chkdsk performs a scan on your drive, it scans every sector in the disk and appears for poor sectors. A bad sector is nothing but a little part of your hard drive that has some defect. There are two kinds of bad sectors: physical evil sector and logical bad sector. What chkdsk does, is it tries to solve the logical bad sector. As it occurs when information is not written properly on the disk. However, chkdsk cannot fix physical bad sectors but finds it so the user can resolve the bodily harm by itself.

Important: Always keep a backup of your important data and files prior to running chkdsk on your drives. This is because in the event that you have a faulty hard disk, chkdsk may block info from the bad sectors that can result in losing that data. Don’t be worried if your hard disk is error free, nothing will occur to your computer or data.

Method 1: How To Scan A Disc For Errors Using Scan Disk Tool

You’ll be able to run chkdsk tool in your own personal computer from file explorer to scan any drive. It is a very uncomplicated and straightforward method and here’s how you can get it done.

Open the file explorer(This PC) and right-click on the drive you wish to scan.

Navigate to Properties and click it.

In the properties window, change to Tools tab and select Confirm button in Error checking segment.

This button may be named differently on other Windows variant.

Once you have completed that Windows will inform you that you don’t have to check this particular drive. That happens because they didn’t find any error in that drive. You may however still manually scan the drive for mistakes by clicking on Scan drive.

Allow it to scan for a minute or so in most cases, otherwise it takes time. The scanning procedure looks like this.

After it’s finished you can close it or click on Show Details to view the in depth information of mistakes if detected.

Method 2: Using Command Prompt

If you’d like to run chkdsk command in Command Instant because your Windows do not load correctly then you can certainly do this by running the Command Prompt with administrative privileges (understand how to enable hidden Administrator accounts in Windows). By this process, you have more control over running a disk check process and external push scanning because it supports other discretionary choices. Chkdsk command scans your disc in read-only manner that means it is only going to browse the mistakes in the disk and repair them. However, the benefit of running on Command Prompt is that you don’t need to restart your PC afterward. These are the actions you want to follow in order to run chkdsk in Command Prompt.

To run the command prompt as administrator press the shortcut keys Windows + X. With this you are going to find the ability users menu.

Then go to Command Prompt(Admin) option or press A to pick and then run it.

Where Drive signifies the name of the drive and Parameters signifies the different types of fix commands. For example, type”chkdsk C: /f” to start scanning C: drive.

Hit Enter when you give the command and it’ll start the repair procedure and show you the errors associated with that quantity.

A number of the chkdsk repair commands are as follows:

/bull — to fix hard drive errors
/r — to locate physical and logical bad sectors
/x — to dismount the drive before checking for mistakes
You’re able to use all the repair commands together in the event you want and find out more by typing”/?”.

Method 3: By An Installation Disc

This process is normally performed when your Windows won’t start and you can not get the PC to execute the above two methods. For this, you’ll need to run the Command Prompt with the use of Windows 10 installation disc.

The measures are:

Insert the Windows 10 Installation Disc and electricity on your PC.

After that press any key when you read the message”press any key to boot from CD or DVD”.

Then carry out the fundamental operations like choosing your keyboard layout, selecting language time and a computer keyboard procedure.

As Soon as You have done this, click Next >Repair your own computer

You’ll be redirected to opt for an option screen. Click Troubleshoot from the options.

In troubleshoot screen, click on Advanced options. In advanced choices, you will notice Command Prompt, click on it and then type the command”chkdsk C: /f /x /r” and press Enter to move forward. This will now begin scanning for any possible mistakes and faults in your disk.


So these would be the 3 methods to make use of chkdsk tool in your Windows PC to repair your hard disk related mistakes. We advise you to run chkdsk every once in a while as a routine procedure of your disk maintenance. We use it anytime our PC shuts down suddenly after a system crash or power loss. Hopefully, it is going to work for you personally and resolve some hard drive errors which you may have. If it doesn’t fix all your mistakes you may try out additional diagnostic tools applications, for more thorough identification of your drive.


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